Italy has more than 62 million inhabitants, on a surface area of 301,339 km2. The vast majority of the population speaks Italian. In border areas, the local population also speaks German, French and Slovenian.
Italy consists of the following 20 regions: Sicily, Sardinia, Valle d'Aosta, Trentino South Tyrol, Friul-Venezia Giulia, Piedmont, Lombardy, Liguria, Veneto, Emilia Romagna, Tuscany, Umbria, Marche, Lazio, Abruzzi, Molise, Campania, Apulia, Basilicata and Calabria.
Italy has three climates. In the north there is a maritime climate, in central and southern Italy there is a Mediterranean climate and the Alps have a high mountain climate.
More than 85% of Italians belong to the Roman Catholic Church. The other 15% are Protestants, Orthodox, Jews and Muslims.
Italy is one of the richest economies in the world. Yet in Italy there is a big difference between the 'poor' south and 'rich' north. A particular phenomenon is that there are many family businesses in Italy. Small and medium-sized enterprises are what drive the Italian economy. The main export products are textiles, clothing, metals, machinery, motor vehicles and chemicals. The currency of Italy is the euro. GDP per head in Italy is 38,000 in US dollars.