Switzerland has a large population of approximately 8 million inhabitants living on a surface area of 41,285 km2. A variety of languages are spoken in Switzerland. The largest part of the Swiss population uses German as their mother tongue. But languages as French, Italian and Romansh are also spoken.
Switzerland consists of the following 26 regions: Zürich, Bern, Luzern, Uri, Schwyz, Obwalden, Nidwalden, Glarus, Zug, Fribourg, Solothurn, Basel-Stad, Basel-Landschaft, Schaffhausen, Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Appenzell Innerhoden, Sankt Gallen, Graubünden, Aargau, Thurgau, Ticino, Vaud, Wallis, Neuchâtel, Genève and Jura.
Switzerland has a moderate climate, continental and oceanic. In the North of the country there is a continental climate with harsh winters and hot summers. In the South of the country there is an oceanic climate, with milder winters and hotter summers. Switzerland has many mountain ranges resulting in a mountainous climate.
Most of the Swiss have a Christian religious background, around 38% is Roman-Catholic and 27% Protestant. With the minority religious groups having a Muslim, Buddhist or Jewish background. Switzerland has an increasing amount of non-religious citizens.
Switzerland is known for being a wealthy and modern country. The Swiss economy consists of highly qualified working departments and labourers with higher educations. Important sectors in Switzerland involve biotechnology, microtechnology, pharmaceutical industry, banking and insurance industry. In Switzerland the currency is the Swiss Frank and the GDP (gross domestic product) per capita is around 61,400 American Dollars.