South Africa has 55 million inhabitants on an area of 1,221,037 km2. South Africa has, except for India, the most official languages. South Africa has the following eleven official languages: African, English, South-Ndebele, North-Sotho, South-Sotho, Swazi, Chonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa and Zulu. The most commonly used languages for immigrants are Portuguese, German and French. Since the establishment of democratic South Africa in 1994, South Africa consists of the following nine provinces: Western Cape, Northern Cape, Eastern Cape, KwaZoeloe-Natal, Free State, Northwest, Gauteng, Mpumalanga and Limpopo.
South Africa has for the most part a semi-desert climate and along the coast a subtropical climate. During the day it is sunny and at night it gets cool. January is the warmest month and July the coldest month. Other climates that occur in South Africa are steppe climate and the temperate climate.
About 75 percent of the South African population is Christian. Most Christians join the Dutch Reformed Church and the Zion Christian Church. Besides the Christians, a smaller part of the South African population consists of Muslims, Hindus and Jews, atheists and agnostics. Many Africans combine their faith with traditional beliefs and customs.
The economy of South Africa is the largest in all of Africa. Many sectors are well developed. Yet South Africa is a developing country. This is due to the low income of a large group of the population. The currency in South Africa is the South African periphery. The GDP per capita in U.S. dollars is 5,824.